Selfish Gene Cafe (40 Craig Road, Duxton) and Ronald Dworkin’s “Justice for Hedgehogs”

We were working at Selfish Gene Cafe the other day.

Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, Singapore
Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, SingaporeX joined us at lunchtime – she wanted to know more about Jesus so we looked at John 20:20-31, and John 1. Like the other Gospel writers, John had written his Gospel for the specific purpose that his readers would know who Jesus is/was – his claims, and the evidence that backed up his claims, and in so knowing, believe and have life in him.

No pressure of course, but it is important that everyone considers Jesus’ claims seriously since they aren’t frivolous – he claims to have created the entire universe, to be God, to give life to all, to give enlightenment (or light) to mankind. And since he’s the only one who has ever seen God, he alone knows the truth and speaks the truth. Very very bold and seemingly-arrogant claims!

In the coming weeks, we will see if the rest of John’s Gospel is able to demonstrate evidence that these claims are true.

Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, Singapore
Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, Singapore Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, Singapore

This being a renovated shophouse, the high ceiling and hard cement walls meant lots of echoing and harsh sounds, so it was sometimes a struggle to hear each other over the lunch crowd. X was remarkably patient about that!

The coffee beans were from Highlander Coffee. My flat white (S$4 after 3p.m. for now) was well-executed.

Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, Singapore
Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, SingaporeThe pasta (spaghetti with sous vide egg, extra virgin olive oil, parmesan, smoked bacon bits, garlic & parsley) was tasty enough, just probably not quite value-for-money (S$13). But I did choose to order it, so no complaints there! S struggled a bit with her delicious-looking beef sandwich (low temperature roast angus beef, arugula, onion jam, dijion mustard, mayo in a sundried tomato bread) saying that her teeth was no match for it.

Spent the next happy few hours being amused by the development of Ronald Dworkin’s thought in Justice for Hedgehogs, which has the distinction of having the cutest cover animal in the history of legal theory and political philosophy.

I’m glad some big guy has articulated, not-so-succinctly, the need for coherence in political and ethical (and philosophical) thinking. Most philosophical discussions annoy me because their blinkered-ness results in much needless tail-chasing. But I fear that Mr. Dworkin himself has made far too many unwarranted assumptions. To be discussed another time.

banana cake, Selfish Gene Cafe, 40 Craig Road, Duxton, Singapore

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On the Sixth Day of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew, and the Wilful Blindness of Man

7-day Period of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew:

Last Day of National Mourning for Harry Lee Kuan Yew – State Funeral Procession

On the Sixth day of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew, and the Wilful Blindness of Man

On the Fifth Day of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew

On the Fourth Day of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew

Third Day of National Mourning: Long Snaking Queues to Pay Last Respects to Lee Kuan Yew

On the Third Day of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew

On the Second Day of National Mourning for Lee Kuan Yew

Farewell and Good Night, Harry Lee Kuan Yew – 7 Reasons for Respecting LKY

On the sixth day of national mourning for Lee Kuan Yew, the queues have continued unabated. It is the final day for paying last respects to Singapore’s first prime minister.

Some of our friends were in the queue at the Padang, where apparently even the Priority Queue was a few hours long. But everyone was making a go at getting to Parliament House before the queue closed at 8p.m..

television crew and media setting up shop along the route of Lee Kuan Yew's state funeral procession from Parliament House to the University Cultural Centre television crew and media setting up shop along the route of Lee Kuan Yew's state funeral procession from Parliament House to the University Cultural Centre

television crew and media setting up shop along the route of Lee Kuan Yew's state funeral procession from Parliament House to the University Cultural CentreThe rest of us were strategising where to position ourselves for the best vantage point along the route of Lee Kuan Yew’s state funeral procession from Parliament House to the University Cultural Centre where the state funeral service would be held. As we travelled along, we could see that barriers had been put up and the television crew and other media had started to set up shop.

At lunch at Brotzeit at Westgate Mall, conversation turned inevitably to online commentaries, blog posts, articles, Facebook status updates on LKY. The general frustration was that the usual tired hackneyed accusations were being rehashed despite evidence to the contrary or without regard for the context in which certain decisions were taken. The frustration was two-fold:

  • that it was unfair to the memory of Singapore’s first prime minister – not that he cared when he was alive, nor will he care now that he is gone. But it was a matter of justice – that is, in the vein of “You shall do no injustice in court. You shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbour.” (Leviticus 19:15);
  • that if many couldn’t even separate facts and the proper interpretation of facts with regard to context, then what hope did we have of an educated (not merely literate) populace who would be able to carefully consider current circumstances and so elect the right people to govern us and not just those who pander to popular desires but have no interest in doing the difficult and necessary for Singapore and Singaporeans.

It was pointed out that this was not an unexpected trait of humankind – a fallen humanity.

Weihenstephan, Brotzeit, Westgate Mall, SingaporeTake Jesus – the Jews in that time had been waiting for hundreds of years for the Messiah to come. But when the Son of God himself came to them:

The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. 11 He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. 12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. (John 1:9-13)

 Later on, John records the signs Jesus kept doing that should have alerted the Jewish leaders that he was truly the long-awaited Christ. But instead of breathing a sigh of relief and welcoming him with tears of joy, though they acknowledged that the miracles did happen, they refused to think anything of it.

In John 9, there was the miraculous healing of a man who had been born blind. The reaction to this great event was at the same time hilarious and very sad.

His neighbours, too used to him on the ground waiting for spare change, couldn’t believe it was really him:

The neighbours and those who had seen him before as a beggar were saying, “Is this not the man who used to sit and beg?” Some said, “It is he.” Others said, “No, but he is like him.” He kept saying, “I am the man.” 10 So they said to him, “Then how were your eyes opened?” 11 He answered, “The man called Jesus made mud and anointed my eyes and said to me, ‘Go to Siloam and wash.’ So I went and washed and received my sight.” (John 9:8-11)

Brotzeit, Westgate Mall, SingaporeThe Pharisees saw it was a tremendous miracle again (not something that could be faked or be the result of any adrenaline rush), but refused to be think well of Jesus because he did this on a Sabbath when no “work” was to be done:

13 They brought to the Pharisees the man who had formerly been blind. 14 Now it was a Sabbath day when Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes. 15 So the Pharisees again asked him how he had received his sight. And he said to them, “He put mud on my eyes, and I washed, and I see.” 16 Some of the Pharisees said, “This man is not from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath.” But others said, “How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?” And there was a division among them. (John 9:13-16)

So they thought perhaps there was a sleight-of-hand somewhere and called up the formerly-blind man’s parents as witness:

18 The Jews did not believe that he had been blind and had received his sight, until they called the parents of the man who had received his sight 19 and asked them, “Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?” 20 His parents answered, “We know that this is our son and that he was born blind. 21 But how he now sees we do not know, nor do we know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he is of age. He will speak for himself.” 22 (His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had already agreed that if anyone should confess Jesus to be Christ, he was to be put out of the synagogue.) 23 Therefore his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.” (John 9:18-23)

No joy there either. Yes, it was indeed a spectacular miracle – not just to show Jesus’ power, but to fulfil what the Jewish Scriptures had prophesised a long time ago by Isaiah, that God’s appointed servant would be sent to Israel as:

a light for the nations,     to open the eyes that are blind (Isaiah 42:6d-7)

And so, rather poignantly,

Jesus said, “For judgment I came into this world, that those who do not see may see, and those who see may become blind.” 40 Some of the Pharisees near him heard these things, and said to him, “Are we also blind?” 41 Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would have no guilt; but now that you say, ‘We see,’ your guilt remains. (John 9:40-41)

Starbucks and white roses. long queues to pay last respects to Lee Kuan Yew lying in state at Parliament House, SingaporeNow no one is equating Harry Lee with Jesus. Far from it. Rather, the focus is on the crowd, the populace, the people – this shows human beings have not changed since the first century; we are the same wherever we are found in the world. If God’s own people, no, the teachers and leaders of God’s own people could not even recognise the Son of God when he was displaying his identity fairly obviously, then it is of little surprise that many would refuse to look at LKY with proper judgement.

That’s where the parallel ends though. As LKY himself predicted, PhD candidates and history book writers will be arguing about this sort of thing for a long time to come, and it would make little difference to him. And though it might be a worry for those of us who plan to live the rest of our lives in Singapore, that’s only a cause for concern for the next, what, 50-60 years? But if what Jesus says is true, then our concern is not merely academic – our individual response to him, our personal refusal to see him as he is, means that our guilt before God remains, and affects us for eternity.

Laksa Cookies and Living Water

In a move inspired by financial repackagings, experimented with more leftover-stuff-in-cookies. Following the popularity of the bak kwa cookies, this installment we have: laksa cookies – lemak spicy savoury shortbread.

Laksa Cookies topped with Laksa LeafBrought them with me to the evening’s Bible study on John 7, where, ugly as they were, the cookies were given the thumbs up.

John 7 stands as testament against anyone who says, “If only God revealed himself to me clearly, I would believe in him.” If anything is clear, it is that when God reveals himself clear, the best and most learned of us reject him even more violently.

It’s significant that John 7 takes place during the Feast of Booths or Feast of the Tabernacles. This festival was instituted even before Israel got into the Promised Land! It was another of those amazing signs that the eventuality of their entry was so certain, because God had promised it, that all that remained was to be instructed what to do in it, and what festivals to celebrate.

At the Festival of Booths, they were to bring in the bountiful produce of the land (another wonderful assumption) and camp out, to remind themselves that they were dependent on God for rescue and salvation (Leviticus 23:42b-43, Deuteronomy 16:13-15). And for any Jew, the words “bread” (or manna) and “water” conjure up memories of how God provided for them in the wilderness after they were rescued from Egypt (see Exodus). This led to a Pharasaic (as opposed to Sadducee) tradition of water libation each morning of the Feast, with water drawn from the Pool of Siloam. One rabbinic authority based this on the promise of Isaiah 12:3:

With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation. (Isaiah 12:3)

A few centuries later, Nehemiah, inspired by God, said that it was the Spirit who had instructed the people in their wanderings and it was the Spirit through the prophets who had warned the people as they stopped acknowledging God after they were settled in his promised land (Nehemiah 9:20,30).

And Zechariah, also inspired by God, prophesised that there would come a day, the eschatological end-time, when all the nations (not just Israel) would keep the Feast of Booths (Zechariah 14). This assumes a second rescue, another exodus, and this time, for all the peoples of the world.

So by the time of Jesus, when the Jews celebrated the Feast of the Booths, it wasn’t just commemorating a past rescue (the Exodus from Egypt), but looking forward to a future salvation, aided by the Spirit.

Laksa Cookies topped with Laksa Leaf

Can you imagine the great claim that Jesus was making then, when, perhaps in the middle of the water-drawing ceremony,

37 On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’” 39 Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified. (John 7:37-38)

Now at the point, the Pharisees and the crowd had three choices: Jesus was either (i) a liar, (ii) a lunatic, or (iii) holy guacamole! Lord!

It would have been a fair fight between the choices if not for all the miracles (signs) he had already performed – turning water to wine, remote healing the official’s son, healing a long-term crippled man, feeding 5000, walking on water in a storm (see John 2-6). So much so that people believed him saying that the Christ would not have done more signs than Jesus (John 7:31).

They marvelled too at his authoritative teaching even though he never studied (John 7:15) and the officers sent to arrest him returned empty-handed because “No one ever spoke like this man!” (John 7:48). This wasn’t the gift of the gab, this was authoritative revelation from the one who sent Jesus – God himself (John 7:16-18)

Well, we don’t really need Dr. Who to give us a ride to the first century to see Jesus in the flesh. The evidence is recorded in the Gospels, and witnessing all Jesus’ works and signs in person did the Pharisees (minus Nicodemus) no good.

The chapter ends with those Jewish leaders plotting to kill the very one the Feast of Booths was looking forward to – the one who would give them living water of salvation and the Spirit…

Laksa Cookie Recipe
70g butter
50g dark brown sugar or caster sugar (or icing sugar if using top flour)

50g coconut oil
2 – 3 tbsp laksa paste

200g all-purpose flour (or top flour)

laksa leaves

Nystekt Strömming and Drop Coffee Roasters in Södermalm, Stockholm, Sweden

London -> Harwich -> Hoek of Holland -> Amsterdam -> Copenhagen -> Stockholm

Photograph Stockholm C, Stockholm Central Station by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px Stockholm was an easy and comfortable 5-hour train ride on the SJ X2000 (with in-train wifi) from Copenhagen.

The interior architecture of Stockholm C (Stockholm Central Station) was a good indicator of how the rest of the city would be: not ostentatiously design-conscious, but sort of like that conservative relative who has kept their understated 1970s stuff so well that it is ready for the return of the trend.

Photograph Stockholm metro furniture by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph sans serif signs at Stockholm metro station by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Nystekt Strömming, Södermalm, outside Slussen station by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Nystekt Strömming, Södermalm, outside Slussen station by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph fried herring, Nystekt Strömming, Södermalm, outside Slussen station by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph fried herring wrap, Nystekt Strömming, Södermalm, outside Slussen station by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px Chatted with S over very good fried herring (no excess oil or batter; fresh fish) at Nystekt Strömming (just outside Slussen station, Södermalm), about life as a Swede. Was very glad to hear about how instrumental the Nordic Chinese Christian Church summer camps had been in her coming to faith. Still, it’s not just starting the race that is important, but persevering and ending well. This comes not by clinging on to some historical commitment doggedly, but in learning more and more about this Jesus in whom we have put our trust. And his trustworthiness shines through very clearly in the Bible, but poor preaching and teaching unfortunately often obscures this!

An inspirational verse for the day here and a verse-hop through Scripture there to find back-up for my latest crackpot-or-not theory makes use of the Bible for our own ends rather than letting it show us the character of God and Jesus. Which is why expositional preaching and teaching (that is, working systematically through a book of the Bible) and a good grasp of biblical theology is important.

Photograph Drop Coffee Roasters, Södermalm, Stockholm by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Drop Coffee Roasters, Södermalm, Stockholm by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Drop Coffee Roasters, Södermalm, Stockholm by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph flat white, Drop Coffee Roasters, Södermalm, Stockholm by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Drop Coffee Roasters, Södermalm, Stockholm by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px After lunch, we paid a visit to Drop Coffee Roasters a few streets away. It was crowded and hot, but both the flat whites and almond pastries were excellent. And I guess tasting that the Lord is good and trustworthy and glorious is just as plain from reading any bit of the Bible.

 So, take the second bit of chapter 1 of John’s Gospel:

19 And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 He confessed, and did not deny, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” 21 And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” And he answered, “No.” 22 So they said to him, “Who are you? We need to give an answer to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said, “I am the voice of one crying out in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord’, as the prophet Isaiah said.”

24 (Now they had been sent from the Pharisees.) 25 They asked him, “Then why are you baptizing, if you are neither the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” 26 John answered them, “I baptize with water, but among you stands one you do not know, 27 even he who comes after me, the strap of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie.” 28 These things took place in Bethany across the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

29 The next day he saw Jesus coming towards him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who ranks before me, because he was before me.’ 31 I myself did not know him, but for this purpose I came baptizing with water, that he might be revealed to Israel.” 32 And John bore witness: “I saw the Spirit descend from heaven like a dove, and it remained on him. 33 I myself did not know him, but he who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘He on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain, this is he who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ 34 And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God.”

35 The next day again John was standing with two of his disciples, 36 and he looked at Jesus as he walked by and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!” 37 The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. 38 Jesus turned and saw them following and said to them, “What are you seeking?” And they said to him, “Rabbi” (which means Teacher), “where are you staying?” 39 He said to them, “Come and you will see.” So they came and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day, for it was about the tenth hour. 40 One of the two who heard John speak and followed Jesus was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41 He first found his own brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which means Christ). 42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “So you are Simon the son of John? You shall be called Cephas” (which means Peter).

43 The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.” 44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found him of whom Moses in the Law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46 Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming towards him and said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!” 48 Nathanael said to him, “How do you know me?” Jesus answered him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.” 49 Nathanael answered him, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!” 50 Jesus answered him, “Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree’, do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And he said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”

(John 1:19-51)

It amazes me how big the Bible is on giving more than sufficient evidence to enable us to trust that what Jesus claims of himself is true. After all that mindblowing stuff in the first part of John 1, you’d be waiting for John to back-up that bluster. Here, he names three incredible witnesses:

  • John the Baptist (a big historical figure, mind. Josephus wrote about him in Antiquities of the Jews) –  Herod might have perceived him as a threat, but missed the bigger threat to whom John the Baptist was pointing: Jesus. The whole aim of John’s ministry was to prepare people for the arrival of the king, “the voice of one crying out in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord” (as prophesied by Isaiah, oh, maybe 700 years before. See Isaiah 40:3 and Malachi 4:5.).
  • God the Father himself – now part of John the B’s witness was to observe and proclaim that God the Father himself had borne witness that Jesus was the Son of God, by the visible descent of the Spirit on him (this again had been prophesied by Isaiah. See Isaiah 42:1.)
  • the Old Testament – not only did were these events prophesied by Isaiah. It was clear that the Jews had already been waiting for the fulfilment of other prophesies in the Old Testament (Moses and the prophets): the coming of the Lamb of God, the Prophet (Deuteronomy 18:15), the anointed one (the Messiah, Christ), the Son of Man (Daniel 7).

 As we end this passage in John, Jesus says rather tantalisingly to Nathanael,”…you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”, a reference to Jacob’s dream in Genesis 28:10-12 where he saw angels going up and down from heaven on a ladder. So Jesus is promising to be the one who links earth to heaven, who is the path to God, who enables the fulfilment of God’s covenants.

But we’ll need to read on in the Gospel of John to see how all this panned out! Exciting stuff.

Paté Paté in Kødbyen, Democratic Coffee in Kobenhavns Hovedbibliotek, hot dogs from Andersen Bakery, and John’s Claims about Jesus in John 1

London -> Harwich -> Hoek of Holland ->Amsterdam -> Copenhagen

Photograph a square in Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px Copenhagen! My third home.

Photograph BioMio, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500pxDropped that-house-on-my-back in the left luggage facility in the basement of Københavns Hovedbanegård (Copenhagen Central Train Station), legged it past BioMio to my old haunt, Paté Paté (Slagterboderne 1, 1716 København), in Kødbyen, the old meatpacking district now gentrified.
Photograph Paté Paté, Kødbyen, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Paté Paté, Kødbyen, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Paté Paté, Kødbyen, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Paté Paté, Kødbyen, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Paté Paté, Kødbyen, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px
It was drizzling steadily outside but inside, there was my first hot sitdown meal of a week, and wifi. First, a tarte fine of Jerusalem artichoke, parmesan cream and pickled mushrooms, then a grilled ribeye steak with borretone onions, parsley and hazelnut salsa.

“Oh, how did you know this was exactly what I needed?” I wanted to ask them and I sighed in relief. But that would be sentimentalising the moment: they didn’t know what I wanted; I’d ordered what I wanted and I’d have to pay for what I’d ordered. Pft.

Many people think Jesus is some invisible friend imagined in a similar fashion – a pretense that we upkeep at the expense of our rationality and sanity and the freedom of others. But the beginning of the Gospel of John kinda knocks all socks off:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to bear witness about the light, that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but came to bear witness about the light.

The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. 11 He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. 12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 (John bore witness about him, and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks before me, because he was before me.’”) 16 And from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known. (John 1:1-18)

First, Jesus is not a figment of someone’s imagination. He was a real person in history, and well-attested to by an equally legitimate figure in history, John the Baptist.

Secondly, John the Gospel-writer doesn’t just settle for Jesus being a good teacher, he makes mind-blowing claims about Jesus:

  • his origins are eternal; he was there in the beginning before things were made;
  • he was there with God;
  • he was, in fact, God, the only God;
  • he made everything in the world;
  • he gave life to all mankind;
  • being God, he could and did give the right to be children of God to those who believed in him;
  • being God, he alone can reveal God, since he alone has seen God the Father, etc

If you were John’s lawyer, you’d be getting pretty nervous by now. Why not just say he is a good man? Why the need to make less bombastic claims? Unless, of course, what he says is true: Jesus is actually God himself come to earth; he is the Maker walking amongst the people he’d made…

We’re eager to read the rest of the Gospel of John to find out.

But an interesting thing to note for now: Jesus the God and the Creator doesn’t come in power and might, but “grace and truth”. Quite unlike the usual action movie stars made up by screenwriters.

Photograph Kobenhavns Hovedbibliotek by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Democratic Coffee, Kobenhavns Hovedbibliotek by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph Kobenhavns Hovedbibliotek by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph flat white, Democratic Coffee, Kobenhavns Hovedbibliotek by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px As I sat looking around Kobenhavns Hovedbibliotek (Copenhagen Main Library), sipping a very good flat white made with Drop Coffee beans by Democratic Coffee (facebook, Krystalgade 15), I thought that the accusations of John the Gospel-writer were at once incredible and also chilling:

  • the Creator was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world, did not know him;
  • Jesus came to his own people, the Jews, who’d been waiting for his arrival but his own people rejected him.

Not sure how many Danes are ethnically Jewish, but certainly, if Jesus is their maker, few in this beautiful country really acknowledge him as such (says a poll).

Photograph bicycle, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph bicycle, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph bicycle, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph bicycle, Copenhagen by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px Strange fragile creatures, these bipeds, who balance on machines made of only two wheels, and eat hot dogs without dog meat in them.

Photograph Andersen Bakery by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px

Photograph hot dogs, Andersen Bakery by parentheticalpilgrim on 500px